Action for the Rights of the Child (ARCH)
A campaigning organisation for children's rights which has sympathies
with the home education movement but is not itself a home education organisation. More
A process of learning which when employed by home educators
goes much further than schools using the same term. In short by autonomous
education home educators mean that the child leads the education and
the parents become the child's facilitator. The child chooses the subject,
method and context of any learning that is undertaken. It is believed
by those who espouse it that this is a far more efficient, child centred
method of education than any that coerces the child to learn by imposition.
This term refers to the ages during which the parents of a child have
a legal duty to ensure that their child receives a suitable education More
The process by which a family will acclimatise itself
to the new way of life of home education. In particular to find
a method of education that suits them as a whole family. An appeal court
case in 1985 known as the "Perry" case
established that families should be given time to acclimatise to
home education prior to "inspection" by an LEA. The concept
of Deschooling therefore has some legal meaning in England and Wales.
The term was also used in a book entitled "Deschooling our Lives" edited
by Matt Hern (forward by Ivan Illich) in 1996. More
Department for Education (DfE)
The current name of the department that is responsible
for national government policy on education. This department has undergone
a bewildering array of names since the 1980's and will no doubt continue
to change as government thinking
on education continues to change. Formerly known as the Department of
Children, Families and Skills (DCFS) & Department of Education and
"Elective Home education Legal Guidelines" The
title of guidelines on home education produced by a group of home educators
in 1998. EHELG was highly significant in building the confidence
of home educators enabling them to challenge LA interpretations of the
law. It also marked the first major project undertaken by the online
home education community and created a blue print for future cooperative
projects for a number of years following.
EHELG has now
been retired from use on most public
web sites as it is somewhat out of date. Experienced home educators however
often continue to use it privately as a reference guide to legislation
and it remains an important tool in advising new home educators and formulating
responses to LA communications.
Education Otherwise (EO)
A phrase used first in the 1944 education act and later
in the 1996 education act (section 7) to describe education other than
in school. In addition to those children who are electively home educated
it includes those who are educated out of school for any reason such
as illness or disability etc. This phrase is used by the home education
support charity Education Otherwise for their name. The phrase is sometimes
also used by Local Education authorities as the title of the department
or section that deals with those families who chose to home educate.
However, since the Charity "Education
Otherwise" trade marked their name the use of this phrase by
LEA's is in contravention of trade mark Law.
Education Welfare Officer (Educational Social Worker, EWO)
An officer of the Local Education Authority who is often the person
who will contact home educating families to ensure that they are fulfilling
their duties in law. They may sometimes have other names like "educational
social workers". Only rarely are they qualified teachers
Elective Home Education (EHE)
To chose to educate a child at home as opposed to school particularly
during the ages of compulsory education
An Educational Supervision Order. A process by which a
LA take on the parental power of deciding upon the educational needs
and provision for a child. These are quite rare.
Education Other Than At School, refers to a situation where a child is registered at a school though for one reason or another, usually illness or pregnancy, cannot attend the school and is therefore provided with tutors by the LA for home teaching. (S9 Education act 1996)
Where a child is registered at a school but obtains regular leave of
absence to complete some of their studies at home. More
HEAS (Home Education Advisory Service)
A charitable trust that broke away from Education Otherwise in the 1980's
to form an alternative support group.
HES FES (Home Educators Seaside Festival)
The UK home educators largest camp held every year in the south of England.More
An alternative term to home education sometimes used to imply that while
children's education is based in the home it is generally not entirely
Home Education (HE)
To educate a child at home as opposed to school particularly during
the age of compulsory education.
The Human rights act.
An American term used to describe home education. This term is very
unpopular in the UK as it implies that parents engage in school at home
whereas many parents educational styles differ greatly from those employed
by schools. For this reason either "elective home education, home
based education or simply home education are more popular in the UK.
Home Visits (HV)
Referring to visits by EWO's as part of the process of inspection. Home
visits and their legal status are a regular topic for discussion within
the home education community. There is no obligation for LAs to undertake HV's and there is no obligation for home educators to allow them. More
Where a person is acting upon beliefs currently held by
that person. The corollary of this is extrinsic motivation where a person
acts upon beliefs that are not held by that person. A term first used
in this context by Jan fortune wood in her book "Bound to be Free" to
describe coercion and associated inefficiencies inherent in extrinsic
motivational teaching as imposed by schools. The concept owes much to
the philosophy of Carl Popper.
Local Authority (LA)
Responsible for providing institutes of learning in their area. They
are also the body that checks up on home educators should it be thought
that they are failing to provide an education for children they are responsible.
National Curriculum (NC)
The curriculum imposed by the government upon all state schools in the
UK. Home educators do not need to follow this curriculum.
A term coined by Professor Roland Meighan a UK educationalist
to mean the process of education by conversation. A large part of
education undertaken by home educators, particularly autonomous home
educators, is conducted by conversation. In practice this can be compared
to how any engaged parent will behave towards their children but possibly
School Attendance Order, where the LA formally orders
that the child be returned to a named school. These are quite rare and
are challengeable in court. There are procedures which must be followed
in issuing such an order for it to be valid.
Standard Attainment tests (SAT's)
These are conducted by schools to determine the effectiveness of the
school. Home educators do not need to use SAT's.
Special Educational Needs (SEN)
Refers to children with any special need that effects a child's educational
abilities. Some authorities also use this designation for gifted children.
This can have two related meanings. It can have the technical sociological
meaning relating to whether a child's education is such that it enables
the child to interact with other people and generally fit into society.
The second, more usual meaning in the context of home education relates
to issues of peer relationships. More
Sometimes used by home educators as an abbreviation for "Social
This usually refers to a statement of special educational need. If a
child has a special educational need the LEA must identify that need
and show how they propose to address it, including identifying resources
by producing a statement of the child's needs. Parents cannot be forced to provide the provision identified by statements.
Taking Children Seriously (TCS)
A libertarian approach to parenting utilising non-coersive parenting and autonomous
educational methods. More
A form of education used by some home educating families which uses
autonomous educational methods. This methodology rejects the concept
of school as being against the interests of the child. It was first used
in the US where the term is most popular and was coined by John Holt
in his book of the same name. Many home educators in the UK know of the
term unschooling but tend not to use it.